Strength-based parenting, self-compassion, and the urge to self-injure in University students

Sumargi, Agnes Maria ORCID:, Engry, Agustina, Ratna, Josephine Maria Julianti and Variani, Joana (2022) Strength-based parenting, self-compassion, and the urge to self-injure in University students. Jurnal Psikologi Universitas Diponegoro, 21 (2). pp. 165-176. ISSN 2302-1098

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University students might experience emotional problems leading to self-injury during the COVID-19 pandemic due to negative relationships with their parents at home. However, strength-based parenting (SBP) can be a protective factor for self-injury. Previous studies showed that SBP had a positive correlation with self-compassion, but no study investigated the effect of SBP and self-compassion on the urge to self-injure. This present study aimed to examine if self-compassion mediated the relationship between SBP and the urge to self-injure. Participants were 193 university students in Surabaya aged 18-21 years old (M = 19.92; SD = 1.21), 86.5% was female. They were recruited voluntarily and asked to complete a series of questionnaire online, consisting of the Strength-Based Parenting Scale, Self-Compassion Scale, and the Alexian Brothers Urge to Self-Injure Scale. Mediation analysis was performed using PROCESS Macro for SPSS. Result showed that SBP was not directly related to the urge to self-injure, t(190) = 0.84, p = .40 (ns), but self-compassion mediated the relationship, ab = -0.93 [-1.30, -0.57]. SBP positively influenced self-compassion, a = 0.17, t(191) = 5.70, p < .001, and self-compassion negatively influenced the urge to self-injure, b = -5.49, t(192) = -8.74, p < .001. Further exploration revealed that self-judgment and over-identification influenced the urge to self-injure, t(186) = -3.35, p < .01 and t(186) = -1.98, p < .05, respectively. Therefore, self-compassion trainings and activities to reduce self-criticism and to identify negative thoughts or feelings might play an important role in preventing and overcoming the urge to self-injure in university students.

Item Type: Article
Research team head
Sumargi, Agnes
Research team member
Engry, Agustina
Research team member
Ratna, Josephine Maria Julianti
Research team member
Variani, Joana
Uncontrolled Keywords: self-compassion; self-injury; strength-based parenting; undergraduate students
Subjects: Psychology
Divisions: Journal Publication
Depositing User: Agnes Maria Sumargi
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2023 07:26
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2023 07:26

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