The Correlation Between Self-efficacy and Quality of Life in Elderly Who are Living with Hypertension

Manungkalit, Maria and Sari, Ni Putu Wulan Purnama (2018) The Correlation Between Self-efficacy and Quality of Life in Elderly Who are Living with Hypertension. In: Proceeding of Researchfora International Conference. IRAJ. ISBN 978-93-88350-81-5

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The prevalence of hypertension was found to be high in the elderly globally. Self-efficacy plays an important role in the initiation and maintenance of health behavior, thus has an impact in determining quality of life (QOL). This study aimed to analyze the correlation between self-efficacy and QOL in elderly who are living with hypertension. This was a correlational study by using cross-sectional design approach. The population was all elderly with hypertension live in nursing home of St. Yosef Surabaya, amounting to 70 people. Sample size was 45 selected by purposive sampling technique. The independent variable was self-efficacy measured by General Perceived Self-Efficacy instrument. Dependent variable was QOL measured by WHOQOL-BREF instrument. Data analysis used Spearman Rank correlation test (α=.05). Result showed that majority was female (57.78%), 75-90 years old (55.56%), primary school graduated (40.00%), and had a family history of hypertension (82.22%). Most respondent had sufficient self-efficacy (82.22%) with no low self-efficacy was found, and had sufficient QOL (73.33%) with no high QOL was found. Self-efficacy was not correlated with QOL in elderly who are living with hypertension (p=.456). Various factors influenced the elderly’s QOL, such as independency level, family support, socio-economic status, living standard, and culture.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Nursing Science
Divisions: Faculty of Nursing
Depositing User: Maria Manungkalit
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2019 08:41
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2019 08:41

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